Planetary Boundary

Biodiversity Loss

Global Status in 2009

Limit per Capita:
0.22 BDP
0.18 BDP
0.18 BDP
clearly safe    safe    unsafe    clearly unsafe

Score < 1x: Australia, Canada, Finland, Russian Federation, Sweden
Score < 1.33x: Estonia, Malta, Mexico, Rest of the World, United States
Score < 1.66: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Japan, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Slovakia, Slovenia, Turkey
Score < 2x: Brazil, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Spain, United Kingdom
Score < 2.62x: Greece, India, Indonesia
Countries with a score of 1 are in equilibrium, i.e their footprint is the same size as their limit. Countries with a score larger than 1 are overshooting, i.e. their footprint is exceeding their allocated limit.
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Name (evaluation year)
Biodiversity Loss (2009)
What are the objectives of this Planetary Boundary?
To avoid a level of biodiversity loss that would lead to irreversible and widespread undesired states of ecosystems. Biodiversity acts as a slow variable affecting the resilience of ecosystems, hence the services they provide, e.g. carbon storage, pollination or freshwater.
Is this a global issue?
Biodiversity is usually considered a regional issue rather than a global issue since changes occur at a local or regional scale. A global perspective can however be adopted by considering that evidence for the important role of biodiversity for ecosystem functioning and human well-being is considerable (Cardinale et al., 2012; Hooper et al., 2005; Estes et al., 2011).
What is the selected indicator?
The potential damages to biodiversity (BDP) per land cover types accounting for the level of biodiversity per biome.
How is the indicator computed?
The Biodiversity Loss has been computed per land cover type (arable land, permanent crops, pastures, forests, shrubs and urban areas) per country accounting for the biomes in each country. The global limit is based on a simulation of the potential consequences of the application of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets.

A detailed description of the logic and the computation is available in our methodological report.
Data sources, and resulting limits and footprints, differ however from the report since we have here used global and more recent databases.
We have here mainly used the following databases: WIOD, GlobCover, FAO, Global Human Settlement Layer, World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision, Biodiversity Damage Potential (BDP).

Look at the big picture !

Current results represent first estimates of the performances of countries with respect to Planetary Boundaries. Computations are based on international datasets included in world input-output models (WIOD and exiobase 2.0) which we complemented with additional sources and basic assumptions.

The overall perspective is assumed to be correct but errors could exist for specific countries. Results will be improved in the follow-up projects.